Some 2000 palms were moved to Phetchabun province, 300 km north of Bangkok. In its natural habitat and in mixed orchards rakum is commonly found under shade. The sala cultivars do not grow as large as the rakum types, e.g. The fruit ripens 7-9 months after bloom. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. The taste of the fruit is somewhat musty, and somewhere in between dried bananas, jackfruit, and preserved dates. Salacca wallichiana is asia fruit at fruit market Premium Photo 2 years ago. 'Sakum' has its origin somewhere in Chanthaburi or Trat provinces. There may also be prospects for the crop elsewhere in South-East Asia under similar ecological conditions. It can stand drought very well, but in the dry season irrigation is needed for a good yield. It is expected that by the end of 1991 more than 10 accessions of S. wallichiana will be growing at the centre. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. (2005). #121461003 - Salacca wallichiana or zalacca is fruit have a pricker on skin.. The superior quality fruit of the sala type could fetch in 1989 a farmgate price as high as US$ 5 per kg. Seeds 1-3, covered with a fleshy sarcotesta. FRENCH : Coeur de palmier (vegetable). is a tropical fruit produced in Indonesia. The fruit skin is covered with regularly arranged scales that encase the sarcotesta (flesh) and seeds (Figure 4). Licuala spinosa (left) and Salacca wallichiana (right) form a tunnel over trail. There were estimated to be 6000-10 000 palms of the sala type in the country in 1989. Seeds for sale starting at € 9.30. 12. World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. Imagetext: Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants by Dr. T. K. Lim. The sour unripe fruit can be a substitute for lime in cooking, whereas the ripe fruit is sweet and consumed raw. Leaflets are arranged in clumps along the petioles sticking out in all directions in each clump, giving a plumose appearance. Brix. The flesh of 10-19-week-old fruits is off-white and turns to light yellow when the fruits are 20-22 weeks old; as the fruit grows it gradually assumes a more yellow-orange colour. Roots can reach a length of 2 metres but do not extend to a great depth. Flesh to seed ratios vary from 10:1 to 2:1 by weight. (www.worldagroforestry.org). Salacca zalacca: thornless salak: AS: very reduced thorns, fruits like the common bali type: most: $2 each : Salacca x hybrid: affinis x wallichiana: AS: fruit characteristics midway between affinis and sour type wallichiana: most: $2 each The skin of 10-16-week-old fruitlets is brown, turning darker to almost black at 17-23 weeks, gradually changing to orange when the fruit ripens. Harley & C.E. Salak fruit, more technically known as snake or salacca zalacca is a fruit that grows in clusters at the base of the palm and they are called snake fruit because of its reddish-brown scaly skin. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salacca&oldid=905396228, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 July 2019, at 21:10. Dry weather is needed for good fruit set; spadices emerging in the rainy season tend to rot and the viability of the pollen is poor. Vegetative propagation by separating rooted suckers from the mother palms is less common. You may also like. At this age the sugar content is 13-14 deg. The genus Salacca is known as “ salak ” in Bahasa, “ snake fruit ” in English, and “ sala ” in Thai. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), "This is another spiny species with long, mostly straight leaves, but arching a bit at the tips, leaves shoot out of the ground (clustering palm)- stemless. 2008. It tends to be more rounded in shape compared to the luk sala. Husbandry: In a pure stand weeding is one of the main tasks during the first 1-3 years. At harvest each fruit cluster or the entire infructescence is cut with a hooked knife or pruning shears on long handles. 'Sala Mor' and 'Sala Sane' originated from rakum grown near Bangkok. The fruit grow in clusters at the base of the plants, and are edible in many species, with a reddish-brown scaly skin covering a white pulp and one to two large inedible seeds. The common English name is snake fruit, but people in Indonesia call it Salak, maybe because of its scientific name (salacca). Yield: The average yield of S. wallichiana varies from 6 to 12 t/ha per year depending on cultivars. Photo by Dr. Scott Zona. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Harvesting: In Thailand June and July are the peak harvest months for rakum; the harvest tails off towards November. Fruits over 30 weeks old develop an unpleasant flavour. leaves of 'Sala Noenwong' reach only 3 m. This cultivar is further characterized by abundant suckering, long terminal leaflets and the light-brown colour of the fruit, which has an obtuse tip. They are very short-stemmed palms, with leaves up to 6–8 m long. This means that good growers could obtain US$ 100-130 per palm per year. In this risk analysis, fresh salacca fruit is defined as individual, oval shaped fruit that tapers towards the base and is rounded at the top. Leaf pruning is not advisable, but may be necessary to facilitate orchard operations. One or two stems per clump are sufficient for good yield. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Rakum palm is an clustering (soboliferous) palm with very spiny leaves that are 3 - 7 metres long. There are three main species of salak grown commercially … The stones in 10-19-week-old fruits are white and contain a jelly-like substance. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Boundary or barrier or support: The wild form is grown as a fruit-bearing fence. This page has been accessed 11,580 times. Laos. Thailand. In Thailand snake fruit is widespread, popular as a snack on the streets, and it is called there Luk rakam, Rakum Palm. Hand Yai, Thailand. The fruit has a rough and scaly skin that visually resembles snake’s skin. The origin of the rakum palm is not clear, but it is found in the lowlands of southern Burma, south of 19 deg. Among them are 'Sala Mor', 'Sala Sane', 'Sala Noenwong' and the spineless 'Sakum'. The country's production was estimated at 500-1000 t in 1988, the bulk being the inferior type of fruit gathered from the forest. Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. autumn fresh vegetables on dark stone table with copy space, top view. The taste of the luk rakam is also more watery.". Palmpedia also stated that Salacca won't set viable fruit at temps below 22C. Synonym: Salacca zalaca. In young non-bearing orchards, removing suckers is the most unpleasant chore, but a must. The fruit of the Salacca wallichiana , a native of South East Asia. Lewis. Superior fruit-bearing forms have been developed and these are often cultivated in gardens and plantations [ 303 The temperature range required is 22-32 deg. Farmers control the damage by covering the large infructescence with chicken wire. The Salak (S. zalacca) or snake fruit is the species most widely grown for its fruit; the firm white pulp has a slight acidic taste. Palms of Southern Asia. However, vegetative propagation is recommended. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. Someone may be germinating Salacca seeds from HI in a conservatory in SO CAL or importing seedlings from HI en masse to sell locally. Suckering and shoot emergence varied considerably. MALAY : Salak. Photo by Dr. T. Evans, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. It has the spiky exterior, but it is not hard to peel. (Geoff Stein), A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. Rodents cause serious loss of fruit. Growing sala cultivars is so profitable that a rapid expansion of production is to be expected. Fruit Tropical Background Sweet Food Salacca Thailand Palm Nature White Exotic Sala Asia Red Healthy Natural Fresh Delicious Tasty Nutrition Dessert Seed Zalacca Salak Color Brown Health Isolated Freshness Organic Asian Gourmet Closeup Texture Studio Bunch Whole Section Half Pulp Peeled Yellow Macro Ripe Detail Wallichiana Hairy Sharp Thorn Pricker The other seedlings are expected to bear fruit in 1991. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas.[1][2]. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Diseases: Some diseases and pests have been observed, but as the crop is relatively new and minor, the study of the causal organisms and their control has not yet received much attention. Leaves 3-7 m long, pinnate; spines flat, linear-triangular, almost perpendicular to the leaf-sheaths, some pointing downwards; leaflets 60-75 cm x 6-8 cm. In Thailand, another species of snakefruit known as "Salacca wallichiana" is preferred. The objectives are to produce palms with the following characteristics: spineless, sparse suckering, thick fruit flesh, sweet and aromatic taste, and high yield. Food: The rakum palm is grown for the edible sarcotesta of the fruit. It is often consumed due to its sweet taste. A rotary grass cutter or herbicides (Glyphosate) are commonly used to control weeds. Chemical investigation of the dichloromethane extracts of Salacca wallichiana Mart. Petioles of S. wallichiana are sometimes used in house construction in Thailand (Dransfield 1981c). A tree of Bali salak. For the superior sala cultivars harvesting time is 36 weeks and not later than 38 weeks after pollination. In the main rakum production centre, the annual rainfall is 2500-3000 mm with 5-6 dry months. Near Trang, Thailand. (worldagroforestrycentre.org). Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Inflorescences emerge throughout the year but nearly all fruit is harvested between June and August in Thailand. Snake fruit peel is normally discarded as waste. ... hairy, with a short, trifid dark red stigma, staminodes 5-6, borne on the corolla throat. The skin of the snakefruit has a unique texture not unlike that of a snake's skin, rough to the touch in one direction but smooth in the other. Irrigation in the dry season, together with application of manure and 3-4 kg per clump of a complete fertilizer with a low N-content improves yield and fruit quality considerably. The soil is kept moist to force viable buds on the cuttings to sprout. Fruit rot sometimes occurs, especially during the rainy season. Breeding: Breeding work began in 1985. (worldagroforestrycentre.org) Editing by edric. The leaves have a spiny petiole; in most species they are pinnate with numerous leaflets, but some species, notably S. magnifica, have undivided leaves. A dioecious, creeping and tillering palm, growing in clumps with very spiny leaves. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. (worldagroforestrycentre.org). In rare instances weevils attack the growing point of the palm. Problems and hand weeding is one of the plant in Nong Nooch tropical Garden, Pattaya, Thailand regularly... 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