They believed in predestination, which led them to search their own and others’ behavior for signs of saving grace. ... What the Puritans did want was a society dominated by their views. The belief that set Puritans and Calvinists apart from other denominations of Protestantism, however, was predestination. Several beliefs differentiated Puritans from other Christians. Puritans believed in predestination. – The Puritans believed that they were Israel with their exodus to America as proof. They believed that the civil government should strictly enforce public morality by prohibiting vices like drunkenness, gambling, ostentatious dress, swearing, and Sabbath-breaking. It's been a while since I've gone over Puritans, but ultimatley, their belief in predestination led to their extreme "child rearing." – Total depravity: This doctrine was not held in the early Church and comes from Gnosticism. What did John Winthrop want to create in the Massachusetts Bay Colony? Beliefs and practices of the Puritans: – Predestination/Election: God preordained some people to heaven and some to hell. David Hall in The Legacy of John Calvin: His Influence in the Modern World rightly stated that “citizens on both sides of the Atlantic believed that the intellectual descendents of Calvin were the founders of colonial America.” They did believe in predestination. They could not tolerate public scandal, especially when attached to a religious moment. The Puritans were members of a religious reform movement that arose in the late 16th century and held that the Church of England should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in … Puritanism, I believe, was an extension, or an alteration of Calvinism. Puritans believed that belief in Jesus and participation in the sacraments could not alone effect one's salvation; one cannot choose salvation, for that is the privilege of God alone. What the Puritans did want was a society dominated by their views. The concept of predestination played a large role in the life of Puritans. Puritans are more strict and follow more rigid guidelines of morality than … The first was their belief in predestination. Just like Calvinists today, God is believed to ultimately plan everything that happens. Predestination. This made them eager to convert Natives to Christianity, which they managed to do in some places . Puritans believed that human nature was inherently sinful with salvation only attainable through God's grace; however, Puritans also believed in predestination, which stated that only a chosen few were eligible with no hope of recourse for the rest. This doctrine holds that God is all-powerful and all-knowing; therefore, the fate of each individual soul is known to God at birth. The single phrase above that is accurate concerning the Puritans themselves is that they were believers in Calvinist theology. 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